Hydroponics System Made Easy
Hi readers, as promised. We will examine the different
hydroponics system in this blog post.
There are different types of hydroponic systems available to
hydroponics farmers or intending hydroponics farmer. Some hydroponics farmers
combine different types of hydroponics systems to get a hybrid hydroponic
Wick system is the easiest and oldest hydroponic system. It
is habitually deemed as a “passive” system since it does not require water or
air pumps to work. In this technique, water and nutrients advance from a
reservoir to the roots of plants through a wick. The plants are pendant in
growing media and held in place over a tank of nutrient-filled solution. The
ends of the wick are placed in the growing medium and the nutrient solution.
The wick is usually manufactured from materials that can quickly soak up the
nutrients and deliver it steadily to the roots of the plants.
Wick system requires nominal intervention and very easy to
set up. It is the best choice for beginners and children. It is worthy to note
that it is not appropriate for larger plants with higher nutrition requirements.
If the wick is not placed correctly, it can lead to the death of the plants.
Your control over the delivery of oxygen, water, and nutrients are minimal
owing to the impassive nature of the wick system.
Ebb and Flow
Ebb and flow system often referred to as flood and drain
system is not quite popular compared to other hydroponic systems but is also an
effective hydroponics technique.
The growing area is not exposed to nutrient solution
steadily but is flooded with nutrients at specific intervals. Via gravity, the
solution drains back gradually to the reservoir. This process repeats itself to
supply the plants with the required amount of nutrients. Thanks to the timer
attached to the pump.
Ebb and flow system promote effective use of nutrients,
water, and energy. Ebb and flow sys provides enough oxygen to the roots because
the nutrient solution meets the roots at specific intervals. tIn addition and
flow system stimulate healthy root development. Nevertheless, it makes use of a
substantial growing medium; the roots can quickly dry out and possibly die if
the pumps stop working owing to power outage or some other technical problems.
Aeroponics is the most sophisticated hydroponics system. The
complexity is reduced once you understand the intricacies behind how they
The roots are misted with nutrient solution, which is then
suspended in the air. There are two methods to get the solution to the exposed
roots. Firstly, a fine spray nozzle to mist the roots. Secondly, a pond fogger
is utilized. Aeroponics is arguably the most efficient and productive
hydroponics system. However, it is expensive; it requires intensive monitoring
and strongly not recommended for beginners.
Most commercial hydroponics ventures make use of drip system
because they are easy to operate. S drip system functions by making nutrients
available to plants slowly via a drip line linked to a timer and pump.
You have two options under this system-recovery drip system
and non-recovery drip system. Recovery drip system as the name implies, unused
or surplus nutrients are collected and recovered into the original nutrient
tank. The non-recovery drip system allows the excess nutrients to runoff.
The challenges associated with drip system are the need to
monitor pH regularly (recovery drip system) and waste of nutrients
(non-recovery drip system).
Deepwater Culture Hydroponic System
Deepwater culture, otherwise known as reservoir method, is
one of the most straightforward techniques to adopt in growing hydroponic plants.
The roots of the plants are dangling in the nutrient solution to get steady
water, oxygen, and nutrient supply.
The system can be built quickly at a low cost. You can
choose the size of the ready-made system. It is the least complicated
hydroponic system. It is strongly recommended for beginners. It can be used in
a limited space. The maintenance requirement is very low. Some of the
disadvantages of this system are lack of support for plants with a long growing
cycle; air pump failure leads to the death of the plant, and if the plants are
not correctly positioned, the plants could die or have stunted growth.
Nutrient Film Technique
In this hydroponic system, there is a constant flow of
nutrient solution over the roots of the plants. This system is valid since the
roots of the plants absorb a more substantial required amount of oxygen from
the air than from the nutrient solution itself.